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What is Enamel Hypoplasia?

Have you ever noticed that some children experience a higher rate of cavities than others, no matter how much they brush? While poor oral hygiene can certainly play a role, this can occur even in those who have exquisite oral health practices. When cavities occur in those who carefully brush on a regular basis, there’s a good chance they may have a dental condition known as enamel hypoplasia. If your child has been experiencing cavities regardless of their brushing habits, read on to learn more about this condition and whether they may be experiencing it.

What Is Enamel Hypoplasia?

Enamel hypoplasia refers to a condition where the teeth fail to form sufficient enamel to provide ample protection. The severity of this condition ranges from the enamel on the teeth being very thin, to being completely absent in the worst of cases. Along with hypomineralization, this condition is one of the leading causes of heightened rates of cavities in patients that doesn’t involve enamel erosion. Enamel erosion is the term used to describe cavities caused by decay and wear and tear on the teeth.

What Can Be Done About Enamel Hypoplasia?

If your child is diagnosed with hypoplasia, there are treatment options available. Which option will be appropriate will depend heavily on the severity of the condition and age of your child. For mild to moderate hypoplasia, your Dr. Bullard will likely suggest sealants if the damage to your child’s teeth is limited. For those already experiencing moderate to severe decay, fillings and crowns may be suggested to help preserve the health of their teeth. Extraction followed by implants or bridges will be the last resort if a tooth or teeth have become severely decayed and cannot be saved.

What Steps Can I Take To Help Fight This Condition?

Just as with normal dental erosion, oral hygiene is essential. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing thoroughly, and using a child-safe mouthwash will be a significant step towards slowing down the progression of decay. You’ll also want to be even more careful about your child’s ingestion of sugary snacks, soda, and other snacks that stick to the teeth and promote decay. While this may not be enough to prevent the advance of decay in cases of hypoplasia completely, it will inevitably help and give you and your dentist more time to discuss options. Depending on the overall details of your case, Dr. Bullard may request that you schedule additional check-ups for your child throughout the year.

If you want to discover more about enamel hypoplasia and what you can do to protect your child’s teeth, contact Smiling Kids Pediatric Dentistry in Noblesville, IN today. Our team of pediatric specialists will work with you to take steps to improve the longevity of your child’s natural teeth through effective treatment and solid oral hygiene habits. Don’t wait until it’s too late for their teeth to be saved, schedule an appointment today, and Dr. Sam Bullard will work with you and your family to preserve their teeth today and for a lifetime.